People today, especially the young, are glued to their smartphones. What impact does this have on their ability to learn, develop communication skills and be conscious of the world around them?

Research shows that regular pornography use is ‘causally’ related to young people having a higher rate of delay discounting. This means they are less able to delay immediate gratification for a more valuable reward later, such as exam success. Psychologist Roy Baumeister in his book Willpower says that most major problems, personal and social, centre on a failure of self-control. Colleges and universities are reporting high drop-out rates at across the UK and elsewhere. Stanford professor Philip Zimbardo explains ‘arousal addiction’ and declining academic achievements in this talk, “The Demise of Guys”.

In this section The Reward Foundation looks at learning from several different angles.

Memory and Learning

Sexual conditioning

Internet Pornography and Early Sexual Debut


Internet Addiction

We also provide a range of Resources to support your understanding of these issues.